The Luddites and Neo-Luddism: A Historical Perspective on the Resistance Against Technology



2/18/20243 min read

red and white tower under cloudy sky
red and white tower under cloudy sky

In today's digital age, where technology permeates every aspect of our lives, it is hard to imagine a time when people resisted its advancement. However, throughout history, there have been individuals and movements that have expressed skepticism and even outright opposition to technological progress. One such movement is the Luddites, who emerged in the early 19th century, and their modern-day counterparts, known as Neo-Luddites. In this article, we will delve into the origins, beliefs, and motivations of these groups, and explore the ongoing debate surrounding the resistance against technology.

The Luddites: A Historical Perspective

The Luddites were a group of English textile workers who rose up against the industrial revolution in the early 1800s. Faced with the introduction of automated weaving machines, which threatened their livelihoods, the Luddites resorted to acts of sabotage and destruction. They targeted factories and machinery, aiming to halt the progress of technology and preserve their traditional way of life.

The Luddite movement was rooted in a deep-seated fear of unemployment and economic displacement. The rapid mechanization of the textile industry meant that skilled artisans were being replaced by unskilled laborers who could operate the new machines. This shift threatened the livelihoods of many workers, leading to a sense of desperation and resentment.

While the Luddites' actions were often violent and destructive, their motivations were not solely driven by a fear of unemployment. The movement also represented a broader resistance against the dehumanizing effects of industrialization. The Luddites believed that the machines were not only taking away their jobs but also eroding their sense of craftsmanship and autonomy.

Neo-Luddism: A Contemporary Response

Fast forward to the present day, and we find a resurgence of anti-technology sentiment in the form of Neo-Luddism. Neo-Luddites are individuals who reject or resist the pervasive influence of technology in their lives. They question the unquestioning embrace of new technologies and advocate for a more mindful and deliberate approach to their use.

Unlike the Luddites, who targeted specific machines, Neo-Luddites take a more holistic approach. They critique the overall impact of technology on society, raising concerns about privacy, surveillance, environmental degradation, and the erosion of human connection. Neo-Luddites argue that our reliance on technology has come at the cost of our well-being and the health of the planet.

One of the key arguments put forth by Neo-Luddites is the loss of human agency and control. They contend that technology has become so pervasive and all-encompassing that it dictates the terms of our lives. From social media algorithms that shape our online experiences to automated decision-making systems that influence our access to opportunities, Neo-Luddites argue that we have become passive subjects of technology rather than active participants in shaping our own destiny.

The Debate: Embracing or Resisting Technology?

The resistance against technology, whether in the form of the Luddites or Neo-Luddites, sparks a debate about the role of technology in society. On one side of the spectrum, there are those who argue for the unquestioning embrace of technology as a means of progress and improvement. They believe that technology has the potential to solve many of the world's problems, from poverty to climate change.

On the other side, there are those who advocate for a more cautious and critical approach to technology. They argue that the potential benefits of technology must be weighed against its potential harms. They emphasize the need for ethical considerations, regulation, and a more human-centered approach to technological development.

It is important to note that the debate is not simply about being for or against technology. Rather, it is about striking a balance between embracing the benefits of technology while also being mindful of its potential negative consequences. The goal is to harness technology in a way that serves humanity and aligns with our values and well-being.


The resistance against technology, from the Luddites to Neo-Luddism, highlights the complex relationship between humans and machines. While the Luddites' actions may seem extreme in retrospect, they were driven by genuine concerns about their livelihoods and the erosion of their craft. Similarly, Neo-Luddites raise valid questions about the impact of technology on our lives and the need for a more thoughtful approach.

As we navigate the ever-evolving landscape of technology, it is crucial to engage in a nuanced discussion that takes into account both the benefits and drawbacks. By understanding the historical context of resistance against technology and considering the concerns raised by Neo-Luddites, we can strive for a future where technology serves as a tool for human progress rather than a force that dictates our lives.